Drug and alcohol rehab programs mainly aim at treating dependence to alcohol and drugs. These programs entail a series of treatments that tackle addicts’ mental and physical dependencies to drugs and alcohol. These treatments help the addicts recover from addiction and get their lives back. It can also salvage their finances and relationships which may have been damaged by the addiction.
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There are different types of treatments that addicts normally receive in drug and alcohol rehab programs. In some instances, an addict may receive inpatient or outpatient drug abuse treatments. In other cases, the rehab program may entail joining a support group and undergoing therapy.
These programs may also be divided according to the addicts’ information. For instance, there are age based categories. There are centers that specifically cater to teenage addicts and others to adults. There are also programs that cater to addicts based on gender.
Drug and alcohol rehab programs have different stages of treatment. For instance, in most cases, the first stage normally involves detoxification. In some centers this is done with medication used to control the effects of withdrawal. This helps remove the drugs and alcohol from the body. An addict then starts trying to ensure that the drug and alcohol does not gain any more access into their systems.
There is another stage of treatment that mainly deals with therapy. In this case, an addict gets help in facing his or her addiction. This includes the effects of the addiction not only to the addict but also to other areas of their lives. Therapy also helps the addict realize the cause of the addiction. This is then tackled in counseling to ensure that the addict will not use drugs or alcohol again by facing the causes.
Drug and alcohol rehab programs also tackle relapses. Addicts are given tips that can help them fight the urge to indulge in drugs or alcohol once the treatment is over. This is a very important stage of treatment and helps one prepare for life after the program. Cognitive behavioral therapy is used to help the recovering addicts know what to do when faced with different situations that could possibly make them relapse.
No two people are alike, and that goes for substance abusers as well. Even if their motivations for trying alcohol or drugs were similar, they are different people. Body chemistry causes varying reactions and dependence levels.
Emotional stress shows itself in a variety of ways. Mental health problems compound issues and make unraveling them more difficult. As a result, there are many types of rehab programs because every client is unique.
No one is a number, and it might sound like people are being sorted like coins or stamps, but as a base line it does help to have categories to work with. When searching for rehab centers, clients might seek:
- Faith-based programs
- Teen services
- Women’s centers
- Exclusive rehab options
- Services for men
- Alternative approaches
- Programs for homeless people
- Dual diagnosis services
- Charitable institutions for those with little money
This is a rough idea of how the internet sorts various drug and alcohol rehab centers. Two other categories are inpatient and outpatient services. You could also search according to the specific substance which is being abused.
While there are plenty of centers where professionals are qualified to deal with just about anything, there is usually just a small number of clinics in each state where buprenorphine abuse is addressed. Be assured that everyone who enters a good facility is treated as an individual and is shown respect.
A dual diagnosis means that a client at any age is suffering from a mental illness as well as drug or alcohol addiction. Drugs might have triggered an existing mental illness. A mental illness might have been the motivation for using.
It is not uncommon for those suffering from one of the many mental illnesses such as bi-polar, schizophrenia, or anxiety to want to escape their painful feelings in some way, so many will abuse narcotics or alcohol.
A mental illness is not the same thing as drug-induced paranoia, depression, or rage. These are all side effects of taking drugs, often experienced during the withdrawal period when a client is somewhere between his last pill or smoke of crack and the next one.
When a client is seriously dependent upon drugs or alcohol, he must go through a period of detoxification which can take half a day or several days. How long depends on the extent to which the drug has taken hold. This is a dangerous time and medical supervision is recommended.
Following detox, clients enroll in counseling which includes one-to-one, group, and family sessions if this is applicable. Most mainstream rehab centers focus on a 12-step program during which clients are encouraged to admit that they have a problem, seek help, take responsibility for their actions, try to correct them if possible, and even help other addicts. The 12-step program is modeled by AA and NA which clients are encouraged to attend after finishing rehab.
To get to the heart of a person who has a mental illness or who has the money to pay for extra services, counselors often utilize different strategies. They use equine therapy, implement music and art programs, and take groups on outdoor expeditions. Teens especially seem to respond to rope challenges, hiking, and rock climbing.
High-end facilities are the home of clients with enough money to expect personal trainers, gourmet chefs, and luxurious living. They enjoy massage and acupuncture to relax and heal. A fitness room and a pool are great to have and enable residents to burn off anxiety or periods of temptation.
Inpatient vs. Outpatient Addiction Treatment
Who goes into a center to live for a month and who benefits from outpatient services?
The answer is that all clients benefit from the latter, though in severe cases outpatient groups are a part of rehab in its later stages. For someone who has been addicted for years and uses extensively, residential programs are considered best. In particular, people who use cocaine, crack, heroin, and full-strength opiates are thought to successfully overcome addiction more frequently following inpatient care.
Drugs which respond well to outpatient care include buprenorphine and marijuana. Addiction to these drugs is often less severe because they are not as powerful as the others. Usually, addiction to buprenorphine is thought to be less chemical than emotional. When it comes to alcoholism, the choice is an individual one.
The biggest reason to live within the walls of a rehabilitation center is that there are no drugs; no alcohol. It would be difficult to cave in to temptation, so there is that automatic encouragement to choose some other way to overcome feelings of stress, sadness, or anger.
To fully recover, some patients are required to attend weekly group and individual therapy or peer support sessions. Attendance might also be required as a parole condition.
Helping Co-Dependents – Addiction professionals know that drug abuse and alcoholism do not just affect the user; they affect family members, co-workers, and friends. This is why services typically extend to families.
Here, spouses, parents, etc. are taught how to successfully support their loved ones. They also learn how to recognize the signs of abuse so they can help an addict prevent relapsing. Finally, co-dependents often have a lot of grief, anger, and guilt to process. Counselors can help them through this stage.
In addition to reactive services, public health organizations go into schools and other organizations to educate the public about the signs and consequences of drug and alcohol use.
Payment – The U.S. government does not want to give addicts an excuse not to utilize addiction services. Even if you have to leave your state to find them, there are non-profit organizations which offer treatment programs for free or on a sliding scale. This means that if you can only afford to pay a certain amount, that is what you pay for care. If you can afford more, you pay more.
Funding comes from Three Sources – Government, Donations, and Private payment. As for the private payment, many insurance programs will accept claims for rehab services so long as they are accredited. Clients with mental health issues and also parents of teen addicts are almost always eligible for insurance coverage.
Prior to going back to their lives after treatment, the recovering addicts are equipped with techniques on how to rebuild their lives. They also receive useful information on how to live a life free of alcohol and drugs. There are well trained professionals involved in making the drug and alcohol rehab programs effective.
However, it is good to note that these programs are only going to work if the recovering addict takes a stand to commit to their recovery. They have to want to get better as recovery cannot be forced. With the help of the professionals recovery can be attained.